This statement explains some of the ideas and concepts of constitutional monarchy as a way out of Iraq’s political crisis, and as a means of ending the tragic ordeal of a people living under terror and tyranny.
The Unity of the Iraqi Homeland.
The Constitutional Monarchy Movement (CMM) firmly believes in the unity of the Iraqi homeland, the borders of which were marked out under international law in the 1920’s. The diversity of ethnic and religious groups in Iraq should be a source of strength to the homeland.
The CMM believes it necessary to emphasize the Islamic identity, culture and character of Iraqi society, whilst guaranteeing full rights to all other religions and freedom to observe their own religious beliefs and rituals
The people of Iraq adopted the Iraqi Constitution in 1925 after protracted negotiations in a form which was acceptable to them all and which was subsequently approved by the people through a free referendum.
The CMM calls agen bola terpercaya for constitutional legitimacy and a return to the situation as it was before being interrupted by the coup of 14 July 1958. That legitimacy was established by the only Permanent Constitution approved by the people in a general referendum in Iraq’s history. The new amended constitution must state that the constitutional monarchy is a symbol of unity of the Iraqi land and people, and the arbitrator between competing political groups, but not the ruler.
The Foundations of Democracy
The future democratic regime in Iraq must be based on the following:
- Emphasis on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations.
- Political pluralism and the right of the political parties to function according to law.
- An administrative system structured in such a way as to guarantee to every administrative unit the independence of its local character, language, tradition, freedom of religious worship and distinctive cultural heritage.
- Freedom of the press and media, and right of private, in accordance with constitutional law.
- Equal opportunities for all people irrespective of their religion, sect, ethnic group or language, so that all people may achieve absolute equality in the eyes of the law.
- Freedom to organize trade unions and other organizations on a democratic and professional basis.
The Iraqi army was instituted by the late King Faisal I, assisted by the best qualified Iraqi officers of the time. Despite the complex international circumstances of the day and the humble resources of the newly formed state of Iraq, the army was established on a foundation of Islamic and Arab values, commitments that were respected throughout the monarchical period. However, after 14 July 1958 these commitments and the precepts of this national institution were gradually undermined, and instead it became an instrument of terror and oppression in the hands of successive rulers. As a consequence it forfeited much of the Iraqi people’s respect especially since it was used by the former regime against the people and their sacred places, and for military adventures in brotherly Arab and Islamic arenas.
The CMM believes that it is necessary to restructure the Iraqi armed forces according to patriotic principles. The armed forces should not indulge in military adventures and should become the instrument of the people. Their goal should be confined to defending the borders of the homeland, and they should not interfere in political affairs.
Relations with the Iraqi Opposition
The Iraqi people have lost countless martyrs, made great sacrifices and suffered all manner of terror and injustice out of devotion to their homeland and in defense of their beliefs. Yet the Iraqi opposition is in a deplorable state, beset by numerous rifts and sharply differing orientations.
The constitutional monarchy supports all loyal, patriotic Iraqis in the opposition groups – Islamic, pan-Arabist, democratic, etc. – and seeks to unite their efforts in pursuit of our just campaign to end the plight of our oppressed people.
The Kurdish Question
The Kurdish community in Iraq has suffered grievously from the despotism of the central government in Baghdad. It must also be recognized that none of the undertakings and agreements concerning autonomous rule in Kurdistan have been implemented, and that the free will of the Kurdish people has been eroded, as has that of the rest of the people of Iraq.
The CMM believes that Arab-Kurdish unity cannot be enforced by one party on the other, and that the underlying key to stable relations between the two is agreement on a basis for respect of the rights of the individual, as well as implementing the principles of absolute equality among people according to legal statutes.
The Rights of Ethnic and Religious Groups
The CMM believes that the rights of all ethnic and religious groups should be observed according to the principles of respect for the rights of the individual as stated in the statutes.
The Nationality Law and Iraqi Citizenship
In the light of the present political and social situation, and of the illicit, criminal practices of successive regimes since 14 July 1958 and their abuse of loopholes in the Nationality law of 1922, the discrimination observed in laws formulated under special circumstances early this century must be discontinued. Hence the Nationality Law must be amended to rest on foundations of equal citizenship, justice and equality of all the people.
We must also take into account all the suffering inflicted upon individual Iraqis abroad sbobet mobile who fled from terror and injustice over four decades. Prudent and sympathetic handling of this matter is vital from both the humane and the social points of view, since these people and their children offer cultural and intellectual assets as well as possibly valuable economic contributions to the future Iraq. Holding other nationalities should not deprive people of their Iraqi nationality, nor render their Iraqi citizenship open to suspicion or discrimination in terms of their rights and responsibilities.
Iraq’s Spiritual Position
Iraq holds an important, revered and distinguished religious position in the Islamic world. This spiritual asset must be utilized and developed to promote Iraq’s position and historical role.
God has blessed Iraq with the shrines of a number of Imams and holy persons, which Muslims visit from all over the world. Accordingly the sacred places in Najaf, Kerbala, Kadhumain, Baghdad, Samarra and elsewhere must be developed to render them fit and ready to receive visitors throughout the year.
As a country which highlights and promotes the status of religion and freedom of worship for all religions and sects, Iraq would occupy a unique position in the world, fulfilling an urgent need.
Necessity demands the development of a free economy ensuring the exercise of individual ability and enterprise. However such a system should not be allowed to permit a group of individuals or class to monopolize society’s resources. The government would act promptly to minimize such excesses in the interests of social justice. The government, for its part, should fulfill its social responsibilities towards all citizens and guarantee at least the minimum essential services such as health, education, housing and all general utilities. It should also spare no effort to improve the condition of the people and raise their standard of living, as well as offering opportunities which enable them to earn their living in the modern world, for the nation’s ability to compete will depend on their ability to innovate.
As the legacy for future generations, oil and other mineral resource should be handled with great care, and under no circumstances should be squandered. In the future, Iraq will need to decide on economic priorities to preserve the national wealth.
The CMM would work to improve conditions in rural areas and the standard of living among farm-laborers, who have not reaped yet the benefits of the nation’s wealth. The CMM would take action to stem the causes of migration from rural areas and redress the injustices inflicted upon their inhabitants. It would offer the assistance needed to raise the standard of living among farm-laborers and increase agricultural production, and would encourage farmers to concentrate on reclamation of land. This would help to rebuild the economy and re-establish the goal of reliance on national food production rather than on imports as at present.
Iraq has endured more than thirty years of domination by narrow political ideas at all levels of education. Educational establishments have been forced into practices that have distanced them from objective and scientific methods.
The CMM believes in the complete independence and sanctity of all educational establishments, and in eradicating the causes that compelled highly-qualified and highly-skilled citizens to settle abroad in self-exile. Special attention should be given to the care and protection of the young and the guardianship of growing generation, ensuring that they are raised in a secure and stable atmosphere in conformity with our heritage and national traditions.
Regional and International Relations
The CMM believes in a fraternal Iraqi foreign policy towards Arab and Islamic countries and the rest of the world. This should be based on respect for the rights and common interests of neighbors and for international agreements and treaties, and on the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries. In addition, it is the duty of future Iraqi governments to develop relations with the countries of the region, in order to safeguard the interests of the people and promote the stability of the region.
Attitude to the Ba’ath Party and Members of the Former Regime
The CMM believe that many members of the Iraqi Ba’ath party joined it for differing motives: some joined out of pan-Arab or nationalist sentiments, others in their desire to acquire some material advantages, others were forced to join. The vast majority of them have had no part in the horrific crimes committed by the special apparatuses of the former ruling clique.
The CMM therefore acknowledges the aforementioned motives and calls upon such individuals – in the name of the homeland and its suffering people – to forsake their relationship with the former regime forthwith, to refrain from executing the policies and orders of the former ruling clique, and to join the ranks of the people. The movement also calls upon honest members of state institutions both inside and outside Iraq to support the call for constitutional monarchy in the interests of the unity and salvation of the homeland, and of restoring the rights of the judi online people. The criminals and wrongdoers shall be brought to justice without vengeance or malice.
The CMM believes it will be essential to accomplish a comprehensive, popular, national reconciliation. This should be based on an attitude of forgiveness and tolerance rather that being undertaken in a spirit of revenge and settling of old scores. The injustices of this period must be swept away to allow the opening of a new chapter in relations among the Iraqi people themselves.
This cannot happen without tending to the wounds that have driven the people of this nation apart. The future regime will have to avail itself to all means to revive the principles of our forefathers in our beloved Iraq. Foremost among the aforementioned plans is the return of the expelled and the displaced, not forgetting the steps that need to be taken to compensate for property confiscated by the former regime.
Those calling for the restoration of the constitutional monarchy wish to emphasize to the Iraqi people, and the powers that formulate international decisions, the importance of Resolution 688 concerning the protection of human rights in Iraq, which was designed to curb the practices of the tyrannical regime in Baghdad.